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THE INFLUENCE OF GANGSTERISM ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF JSS 2 SOCIAL STUDIES STUDENTS IN JOS NORTH OF PLATEAU STATE

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 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 70 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,abstract, table of content, references ::   4,648 people found this useful

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CHAPTER ONE

  1. INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND OF STUDY

Gangsterism is one of the sources of school violence in secondary schools. Learners as young as 13 years of age are being recruited to belong/join the ranks of gangs. Because there is strength in numbers when fights break out, gangster groups compete to recruit as many learners as possible. Carrying of weapons is it a gun or a knife is a symbol of power. Fear is a great determining factor in joining a gang. As the school is regarded as a microcosm of the society as it reflects what happens in the society.

Diesel (2012) in Smit (2010) argues that gangs in schools should be seen as a community problem in South Africa and, since schools are a part of the community, they reflect the problems of that community. “There is also other type of violence that we are exposed to and that is the violence in the area, the gang violence and that also exposes the school to a particular type of violence and what happens here is that whatever happens in the community impacts on the school, so we are also exposed to now the area that we work in is particularly over the years there’s always been a flair up at different stages of the year like just at the beginning of this year when we returned to school there was huge amount of gang violence and then they signed a piece form which well was very fragile and will last a very few weeks or months and then 1 incident happens and you must understand that especially in the colored community gangs is part of the fabric of that community there is huge number of gangs in any colored community especially given the social community background that people lives in here.

There are a lot of gangs in these areas” (School a Principal). The Portfolio Committee on Education (18 June 2009) found that gangs emerge from within communities themselves and this phenomenon has many root causes. Firstly there are the socioeconomic conditions such as low-income employment, unemployment, poor living conditions all leading to conditions of poverty and deprivation. Secondly, within schools and particularly in the Grade 4 year the following behaviours become more and more prevalent: Anti-social behaviour because of having no sense of belonging resulting in a low selfesteem.

Academic performance of students is the centre around which the whole education system revolves. The success and failure of any educational institution is measured in terms of academic performance of students. Not only the schools, but parents also have very high expectations from students with respect to their academic performance, as they believe that better academic results

may lead to better career options and future security. Academic performance refers to the knowledge attained and designated by marks, assigned by teacher.

In educational context, academic performance is the educational goal to be achieved by a student, teacher or institution over a certain period and is measured either by examinations or continuous assessments and the goal may differ from one individual or institution to another. Academic performance is the outcome of education, the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has achieved their educational goals. Academic anxiety and academic achievement were inversely and significantly

related to each other (Murthy and Kulshreshta,2009). Academic performance of an individual is influenced by various factors such as personality, intellectual ability, environment, etc.

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Gangsterism is dangerous anywhere let alone secondary schools where young leaders of the tomorrow are groomed; these therefore tend to lead them into the wrong path without them knowing fully what they are into. This act influences the students’ academic performance badly; thereby reflecting in their results after one term is over; and this might eventually lead to truancy, dropout and difficulty in learning. Gangsterism in secondary schools succeeds maybe due to the fact that certain principles and structures are not being set up for disciplinary actions for those that are involved in the gang. Finally, several researches has been carried out on the academic performance of secondary school students but there has been no single research carried out on the influence of Gangsterism on the academic performance of jss2 social studies in Jos North of Plateau state.

       

1.3   AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF STUDY

        The main aim of the study is to examine the influence of Gangsterism on the academic performance of jss2 social studies students. Other specific objectives of the study include:

  1. to determine the extent to which Gangsterism influences the academic performance of social studies students.
  2. to determine the effect of Gangsterism on the academic performance of social studies students.
  3. to determine the promoting factors of Gangsterism amongst social studies students.
  4. to proffer possible solutions to the problems.

1.4   RESEARCH QUESTIONS               

  1. What is the extent to which Gangsterism influences the academic performance of social studies students?
  2. What is the effect of Gangsterism on the academic performance of social studies students?
  3. What are the promoting factors of Gangsterism amongst social studies students?
  4. What are the possible solutions to the problems?

1.5   STATEMENT OF RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

H0:    Gangsterism has no significant effect on the academic performance of social studies students.

H1:         Gangsterism has a significant effect on the academic performance of social studies students.

1.6   SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

        The study on the influence of gansterism on the academic performance of Jss2 social studies students will be of immense benefit to the entire Jos north of Platue state in the sense that it will enable the government to create an avenue in which gangsterism in secondary schools is totally eradicated thereby giving other students a comfortable environment to learn, and morealso the teachers will feel safe to teach without any form of fear whatsoever. Finally, the study will contribute to the body of existing literature and knowledge to this field of study and basis for further research.

1.7   SCOPE OF STUDY

        The study on the influence of gangsterism on the academic performance of Jss 2 social studies student is limited to all the secondary schools in Jos North of Plateau State.

1.8   LIMITATION OF STUDY

Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

1.9   DEFINITION OF TERMS

Influence         The capacity to have an effect on the character, development, or behaviour of someone or something, or the effect itself.

Gangsterism   The culture of belonging to organized gangs of criminals, especially involving violence.

Academic Performance  Is the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has achieved their short or long-term educational goals.

 

 


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Paper Information

Format:ms word
Chapter:1-5
Pages:70
Attribute:Questionnaire, Data Analysis,abstract, table of content, references
Price:₦3,000
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