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AN EPIDEMOLOGY SURVEY FOR SCTRISTOSOMIASIS AMONG PUPILS IN AMAGUNZE COMMUNITY IN NKANU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA IN EENUGU

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 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 35 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis ::   1,962 people found this useful

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ABSTRACT

 

 

 

The survey of urinary sehistomiass in Ishele in Amagunze, Nkanu East local Government was carried out using two methods of diagnosis i.e combination of questionnaire on clinical signs and symptoms, and laboratory microscopy using primary school children in the area as test samples. A total of fifty samples were randomly collected reveals the prevalence of urinary Sdristomisis is 62 %. The risk factor attributed was found to cotain the sried of the type Bulinus (physopsis) globusus and Bulinus fruncatus that are responsible because children play and swum in Afavu River. The sample were collected from pupils within the age of 6-12 years.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

Title page                                                                                

 

Certification                                                                           

 

Dedication                                                                              

 

Acknowledgement                                                                  

 

Abstract                                                                        

 

Table of content                                                                        

 

List of table                                                                                      

 

List of figure

 

                                                                            

 

CHAPTER ONE: Introduction

 

                                                         

 

CHAPTER TWO: Literature Review

 

                                               

 

CHAPTER THREE: Materials and methods                      

 

3.1     Areas of study                                           

 

3.2 Collection of Specimen                                 

 

3.3 Method Involved                                           

 

3.4 Experiment   

 

                                               

 

CHAPTER FOUR        Results                                             

 

CHAPTER FIVE                   Discussion                                        

 

CHAPTER SIX            Recommendation and Conclusion 

 

References                                                                                

 

Appendixes                                                                                                         

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIST OF TABLE

 

 

TABLE I : Time scale in the development of schistosome species

Table II       Age specific prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis from 50 urine samples analyzed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIST OF FIGURES

 

TRASMISSION LIFE CUCLE                                                                   10

DIFFERENT ON A OF SCHISTOSOMES                                                21

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease of urinary and intestinal tracts by schistosome. A specie which infect the urinary bladder is caused by schnstosome haematobuim widely  found in Africa and was first discovered by bilharza in 1851 in Egyptian mummies and He also carried out an urogential tract autopsy. About 20million people are infected with schnstosome parasite, those  who get heavy infection are especially or death. Billaries modify dictimery (1998) defined Schistosomiasis as infection disease of man caused by blood flukes of genus schnstosome. It is one of the most serious parasitic infection of man, affecting millions of people in tropical and sub-tropical regions of Africa, Asia and west Indies.

 

Schistosomiasis  presents a constant threat to as many as 600millons people as they perform daily activities related to water, such like swimming, washing and bathing ( Bayers 1984) this Schistosomiasis affect for different prpolation from as a result of human contact with infected water, they includes (a) occupational  (b) recreational (c) domestic (d) socio- cultural (Ukoli 1984) The three main species of schnstosome responsible for human infection are schnistasoma japonicum. Four other species occurring much less commonly are interculum, S matter, S bovis and S meking

 

The blood flukes in schnstosome is a long narrow known as Schistosomiasis or bilharziasis. schnstosome that livers in the urinary bladder of man is known as schisotosoma haematobium while that in the intestine is . schistosoms mansm, and also schistosnma japonicum,

 

Ramsay (1934) reported that male and female worms are separated individual but the female is smaller and is carried in a groove on the under surface of the male and lives in the vein of the host. The female lays eggsin the walls of the bladder and intestine causing inflammation and bleeding. The eggs are excreted with body wastes and find their way to water contaminated by several different water snail example bulinus which is the intermediate host of  schrostome haematobium. Schistosomiasis is very wide spread and associated with poverty, poor housing and inadequate sanitary facilities and unsanitary human behavior. TABLE 1

TIME SCALE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF SCHISTOSOME SPICES


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Paper Information

Format:ms word
Chapter:1-5
Pages:35
Attribute:Questionnaire, Data Analysis
Price:₦3,000
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