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POLITICAL ELITE AND POLITICAL CRISES IN KWARA STATE 2011-2015

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 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 72 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis ::   2,929 people found this useful

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CHAPTER ONE

1. O INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY

The growth of politics has increased overtime since the inception of democratic governance in Nigeria.

According to (Omodia, 2009) stated that election is the process for evaluating the political performance of the representatives of the people either for the purpose of returning back to political offices or replacing them with perceived better representation. It is evident that as a result, it is quite indispensable that for political representation to be more responsive in a democratic system there is a kind of need for the electoral process to be completely free and fair.

        The conception of the words “free and fair election” here is seen as a group of chain process where the people are driving forces and determinant of political representation or the outcome of the electoral process. In other words, the conception here is not only for inter-party elections to be kind of free most especially in new democratic states of Africa, but the need for electoral activities to be centered on the people in such a way that it would be of great aid to the emergence of political leaders at the intra party level, it will also enhance political decisions at the polling booth and where the people’s choice would be the major determinant of the electoral contest.

        In order to arrive at a better political decision, political parties are expected to effectively perform the function of political education, political candidates or parties are not supposed to be restricted to access to mass media or any other medium of political campaign, a candidate or party is not expected to be unduly financially advantaged through the use of state fund, the electoral body is also expected to be independent in such a way that it could effectively discharge the functions of transparent voter registration exercise, collation and declaration of electoral results among others.

Moreover, it is expected that there would be a hyphen and buckle between people’s vote and electoral results. As a matter of fact, unfolding scenario especially in the Nigerian State of the fourth republic is such that, there has been a wide gap between people’s electoral choice and electoral results declared by the electoral body (Zimako, 2009; Omodia, 2010). This no doubt manifested in states like Edo, Ekiti, Ondo, Osun among others, where judicial courts had cause to nullify Gubernatorial results declared by electoral bodies in those states (Omodia, 2010). Conversely, it is important to state that the reasons for the above ugly situation have been attributed to multifactors such as: elitist manipulation, institutional fragility, poor political culture, excessive monetization of political offices among others (Omodia, 2007; Omodia, 2008; Bello, 2008). The perspective of this paper however, is to unfold the challenges political elites poses to free and fair elections in Nigeria with specific focus on the Nigerian fourth republic by synthesizing the nature of political contest, the purpose of political power, as well as the means of acquiring political power. The study will make use of kwara state 2011-2015 election as the case study.

1.2 STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEMS

What really instigated the study on political elite and political crises using kwara state election from 2011 to the year 2015 was due to the high level of unfair election in this state. The grievances of the people of kwara were heard all over Nigeria due to a high level of unfair election in Kwara State. The coming up politicians with good intensions were deprived the opportunity to assume the positions they rightfully deserve due to the influence of political elites and political godfathers in kwara state; as a result of this, the growth of crisis in Kwara state reached its climax with the period of 2011-2015.

1.3 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF STUDY

The main aims of the research work are to examine the political elite and political crisis in Kwara State. Other specific objectives of the study are stated below as follows:

  1. To examine the effect of political elites on the performance of election between 2011-2015
  2. To examine the effect of political elites on the growth of crisis in Kwara state
  3. To investigate on the factors affecting order during election in Kwara state
  4. To examine the relationship between political elites and party performance during election
  5. To proffer solution to the above problems

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The study came up with the research questions in orders to ascertain the above stated objectives. The research questions for the research work are stated below as follows:

  1. What is the effect of political elites on the performance of election between 2011-2015?
  2. What is the effect of political elites on the growth of crisis in Kwara state?
  3. What are the factors affecting the electoral order and processes during election in Kwara state?
  4. Is there any the relationship between political elites and party performance during election?

1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

Hypothesis

H0:political elite has no significant effect on party performance and growth of crisis in Kwara State

H1:Political elite has significant effect on party performance and growth of crisis in Kwara State.

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

The study political elites and political crisis in Kwara state 2011-2015 will be of immense benefit to the people of Kwara State, the state and the federal government and other researchers that wishes to carryout similar on the above topic as the study will reveal the effect of political elite on party performance and growth of crisis in Kwara State.

1.7 SCOPE OF STUDY

The study political elite and political crisis in Kwara state will cover the general elections in Kwara State from the year 2011 to the year 2015

  1. LIMITATION OF STUDY

Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS

POLITICAL ELITE:The political elite are the most informed, educated and politically active people who have a strong influence on public officials

POLITICAL CRISIS:political crisis in accordance to the study was period of political instability in Nigeria; an anti-government protests that took place between 2011 – 2015; organized by the masses in Kwara state

 

 

 

 

 

 

REFERENCES

Ademoyega, A. (1981). Why We struck. Ibadan: Evans Brothers Nigeria limited. Bello, K. (2008). Ideological Bankruptcy in the political practice of Nigeria: genesis magnitude and consequences. Keffi: AMD Designs and Communications. Egwemi, V. (2007). The People’s Democratic Party and the Emergence of a Dominant Party System in Nigeria. NASHER, 5(2), 90-97. Idahosa, S. A. (2010). Issues and Problems in Nigeria Politics: Tribes, Ethnicism and Religion . In R.F. Ola and J.E. Imhanlahimi (Eds.). Nigerian Political System: Trends and Perspectives (pp. 192-224). Benin-city: University of Benin. Janda, K., Berry J., Goldman, J. (1997). The challenge of democracy. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company. Kurfi, A. (1983). The Nigerian General Elections 1959 and 1979 and the Aftermath. Ibadan: Macmillan. Nwachukwu, O. (2005). Beyond the institutional approach: national question and the architecture of the new Nigeria. In W.O. Alli (Ed.). Political reform conference, federalism and the national question in Nigeria (pp. 41-54). Nigerian Political Science Association. Okoh, A. O. (2010). Religious cleavages, inequalities and unitarism vs. federalism in Nigeria. In R.F. Ola and J.E. Imhanalahimi (Eds.). Nigerian Political System: Trends and Perspectives (pp. 166-191). Benin City: University of Benin. Olaniyi, J.O. (1997).

 


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Paper Information

Format:ms word
Chapter:1-5
Pages:72
Attribute:Questionnaire, Data Analysis
Price:₦3,000
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