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DIALOGUE AS A TOOL FOR CONFLICT RESOLUTION (A CASE STUDY OF JUSTICE DEVELOPMENT AND PEACE/CARITAS (JDPC) JOS)

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 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 75 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis ::   7,682 people found this useful

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CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY

The growth of conflict has increased overtime in Nigeria; thus becoming a day to day experience.

Dialogues can be viewed as one means, if not the classical one, of dealing constructively with conflicts. As one popular formula puts it: As long as you‘re talking, you can‘t be shooting“. What better method is there of resolving a contentious issue“, so runs another down-to-earth, commonsense observation, than through an honest exchange of views? And, says discourse ethics, what other way is there of finding lasting solutions to the numerous political-cum-moral conflicts in an interdependent and pluralistic world, than through practical discourse between the affected partiesaccording to (Apel 1990).

It is evident that the African continent still remains in the grip of numerous conflicts which in turn impede the growth and development processes in Africa. For this reason, it would be very important to initiate a reflection process in order to facilitate the effectiveness of prevention, management and resolution of conflicts. Conflict resolution can never be achieved without returning in our cultural values so as to understand how our ancestors attempted to prevent and resolve conflicts which inevitably arose between kingdoms, families and/or tribes. In order to gain full understanding of the mechanisms of management and conflict resolution it is necessarily have a deep knowledge of the environment, land and customs of the people attached to it. It is all of these elements and their interactions that one can generally identify the effective mechanism to provide a deterrent, preventive and solving conflicts weapon. An observation of the habits and customs seems to show that in Africa, since a long time, any actor who wants to intervene in the settlement or conflict prevention should favor dialogue. This is a major tool in governance because it helps to make rules or mechanisms to prevent and resolve social conflicts.

The practice of dialogue as a means of conflict resolution has proved overtime the best way to manage and resolve conflict in Nigeria ranging from Jos crises to Niger-delta. Most recently Kogi state and Benue State experience lots of conflicts which resulted from fight over land for grazing between the Tiv and the Fulani. However the study wishes to use justice development and peace/caritas (JDPC) Jos as the case study.

1.2 STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEM

What really instigated the study was growth of conflict in Nigeria as a result of failed attempt by other means of conflict resolution in Nigeria. One of the major sources of conflict was a result of poor allocation of funds to most of the state and local governments in Nigeria. The use of force such as military, police to manage conflict in Nigeria has only made things worst especially the religious conflict. Another problem here is the failed attempt by the federal government of Nigeria to go back to the roots on how our ancestors managed and resolved conflict in their time.

Lots of lives has been lost as a result of conflict, lack of understanding and variation in religious beliefs; if the federal government of Nigeria, the State government and local government could come together and have a good dialogue in order to gain a proper understanding of wants and expectation of their indigenes, maybe there will be a better conflict resolution mechanism for us all.

1.3 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF STUDY

The main aim of the study is to examine dialogue as a tool for conflict resolution in Nigeria. Other specific objectives of the study include:

  1. To examine the relationship between conflict resolution and socio economic development in Nigeria
  2. To examine the roles of justice development and peace/caritas (JDPC) in conflict resolution in Jos
  3. To examine the roles of the use of dialogue in conflict resolution in Nigeria
  4. To investigate on the factors affecting the use of dialogue as a means of conflict resolution in Nigeria
  5. To determine the effect of justice development and peace/caritas (JDPC) on the growth of conflict in Nigeria
  6. To proffer solution to the above stated problems

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION

The study came up with research question in order to ascertain the above stated objectives. The specific research questions are stated below as follows:

  1. Is there the relationship between conflict resolution and socio economic development in Nigeria?
  2. What are the roles of justice development and peace/caritas (JDPC) in conflict resolution in Jos?
  3. What are the roles of the use of dialogue in conflict resolution in Nigeria?
  4. What are the factors affecting the use of dialogue as a means of conflict resolution in Nigeria?
  5. Does justice development and peace/caritas (JDPC) have any significant effect on the growth of conflict in Nigeria?

1.5 ORGANISATION OF STUDY

The study will constitute five (5) chapters; the chapter one of the research work will constitution of the introduction, the study background of the study, the statement of the research problem, the aims and objectives of the study, the research questions, the significance of study, the scope of the study, limitation of the study and the definition of terms. The chapter two of the research work will constitute of the past literatures on the use of dialogue in conflict resolution. The chapter three will be the research methodology (qualitative method) i.e based on interview. The chapter four will be the data analysis of the responses of the respondents on the interview. While the chapter five of the research will constitute of the summary, conclusion and recommendation.

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

The study on dialogue as a tool for conflict resolution will be of immense benefit to the federal government of Nigeria, thejustice development and peace/caritas (JDPC), the State and the local government in various States in Nigeria as it will discuss the concept of conflict, the study will discuss with detail the use of dialogue as a tool for conflict resolution in Nigeria, the study will also discuss the factors affecting conflict resolution in Nigeria.

1.7 SCOPE OF STUDY

The study dialogue as tool for conflict resolution is limited to the roles of justice development and peace/caritas (JDPC)in Jos

1.8 LIMITATION OF STUDY

  1. Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
  2. Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS

DIALOGUE:a conversation between two or more people as a feature of a book, play, or film.

CONFLICT:a serious disagreement or argument, typically a protracted one

CONFLICT RESOLUTION:is a way for two or more parties to find a peaceful solution to a disagreement among them. The disagreement may be personal, financial, political, or emotional.

REFERENCES

Apel, Karl-Otto 1990.Diskurs und Verantwortung, Frankfurt: Suhrkamp. Bar-On, Dan 2000. Den Abgrundüberbrücken: Mitpersönlicher Geschichte politischenFeindschaftenbegegnen, Hamburg: Edition Koerber. Bercovitch, Jacob (ed.) 1996. Resolving International Conflicts. The Theory and Practice of Mediation, Boulder: Lynne Rienner. Bercovitch, Jacob & Allison Houston 1996. „The Study of International Mediation: Theoretical Issues and Empirical Evidence,“ in Bercovitch, op. cit.,11-35. Bercovitch, Jacob & Jeffrey Z. Rubin (eds.) 1992. Mediation in International Relations, London: Macmillan


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Paper Information

Format:ms word
Chapter:1-5
Pages:75
Attribute:Questionnaire, Data Analysis
Price:₦3,000
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