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Project Topic:

THE EFFECT OF SOCIAL MEDIA WRITING ON THE FORMAL ENGLISH WRITING OF OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

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 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 90 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,abstract, table of content, references ::   2,397 people found this useful

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CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY

There have being a significant difference in the formal writing in Nigeria as the use of social media continue to increase. It is evident that about seventy (70) percent of Nigerian students make use of social media. The use of social media was made possible by the availability of internet

The internet has emerged as a prominent new technology which dates back to the second half of the last century. It notched probably the biggest boom in the last two decades. The influence of such an inventional, technological tool has widely spread over all the aspects of educational business and economic sectors of the word. People thanks to this medium as a new means of communication or as a medium of computer are easily able to communicate and exchange ideas and views .Thus, the internet has had such an impact on language that it would be destructive. Recent development in the way people communicate in a “Networked Word” have tinted a new genres of the way students are writing .This development is affected by many factors, which are the computer and the internet. They gave an increase of the emergence of Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) .The internet comes to control our lives, Email and instant messaging (IM) are rapidly replacing conversational forms of correspondence, and the web has become the first part of both information enquiry and leisure activity. The language itself has developed vastly since its origins and until the 21st century. It has gone from sounds, signs, and symbols to complex sentences governed by grammatical rules. At the end of 21st century, we were introduced to a new language, i.e., the language of instant messaging and electronic communication. This language resembled speech, with simple syntax, incomplete sentences and informal structure. The use of CMC becomes more widespread in educational contexts and chatting usually is a more synchronous faster form of communication; it is one of the more popular forms of computer mediated communication. While there are numerous advantages of technological advancement, there would be equally disadvantages as well. The new evolution of the English language is popularly known as “chat-speak”. One of the major disadvantages of using chat speak is its diffusion of the Algerian lives immensely, especially the younger generation in destruction to communicate effectively and efficiently in using appropriate spelling and words, and destroying their ability over their use of language.According to Terisa (2003) Chatting is a good way to practice informal English. Messages in chartrooms are usually short sentences; sometimes they are not even sentences but just a few words that are not correct grammatically but may be typical of the way we speak in a quick conversation with friends. The use of chat-speak is like a children begin to use short forms in written communications. Accordingly, the common examples of chat messages are found in replacing words like “you” with “u”, other variants includes” to imply “yes”…,etc. Proponents have argued that chat-speak should be welcome medium of communication. The manner in which most Nigerian students speak and write has a relationship with the use of social media; the study will make use of Obafemi Awolowo University as the case study.

1.2 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY

The history of University Education in modern Nigeria dates from 1948, when the University College of Ibadan was established. For more than a decade the college remained the only institution of University standing in Nigeria. Although the Eastern Nigeria Government had enacted a Law establishing the University of Nigeria Nnsuka, in 1955, it was not until 1961, that the University came into existence. In that year also a commission was set up by the Federal Government under the Chairmanship of Sir Eric Ashby to survey the needs of post-secondary and higher education in Nigeria for the next twenty years. One of the most lasting results of the commission is the establishment, between 1961 and 1962, of three Universities, in Nigeria. One of these three Universities is Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife which was then known as University of Ife and was established by the Government of then Western Region of Nigeria.

The Government of the Western Region of Nigeria first announced in 1960 its intention to establish as soon as possible a University in the Western Nigeria which would be of the highest standard, its policy was to open its doors to students from all parts of the Federation and of the world; in line with its belief in academic excellence. The planning of the University was entrusted to two committees. One a University Planning Committee comprising persons qualified to advise on the planning of a new University, and who in effect under look the preparatory work connected with the establishment of the University pending the setting up of the provisional council of the University: the other, a University Parliamentary Committee, which would be advisory to the Minister of Education, on 8th June,1961, the Law providing for the establishment of the Provisional council fo the University was passed by the Legislature of the Western Region and on the 26th of the same month Provisional Council of the University was formally inaugurated under the chairmanship of Chief Rotimi Williams.

On 11th June, 1970, an edict known as the University of Ife now Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife Edict 1970, was promulgated by the Government of the Western State to replace the Provisional Council Law of 18th June, 1961. This Edict had since been amended by the University Amendment Edict No 11 of 1975. This New Decree effected a take-over of the University by the Federal Military Government.

The site selected for the University was Ile-Ife, a town about 65 kilometers north-east of Ibadan Oyo State. Ife is famous as the centre of an ancient civilization and the home of the Museum which contains the renowned Ife heads. It was intended that temporary buildings should be put on the site to enable teaching to commence in October 1962, while the permanent buildings were subsequently planned and erected. But when the Federal Government transferred the Ibadan Branch of the Nigeria College of Arts, Science and Technology, to the University, if was decided that it would be unnecessary to put up temporary buildings at Ife, and the University was temporary located on the site of the Ibadan Branch of the Nigerian College. Teaching began in October with an initial enrolment of 244 students. The teaching, administration and technical staff. Either transferred from the Nigerian College of Art, or were newly recruited from abroad, numbered about eighty.

The University started with five faculties Agriculture. Arts,Economics and Social Studies (now Social Sciences), Law and Sciences, Eight other faculties have since been added, namely the Faculties, of Education established on 1st October 1967), the Faculty of Pharmacy (established on 1st October 1970), the Faculty of Administration which replaces the former institute of Administration (with effect from 1st October, 1979) and the Faculty of Environmental Design and Management (established in April 1982).

The Faculty of Health Science (established on 1st October, 1970) is now a College, made up of three Faculties, namely the Faculties of Basic Medical Sciences. Clinical Sciences and Dentistry. Faculty of Education includes the Departments of Continuing Education; Educational Foundations and Counselling; Special Education and Curriculum Studies; Educational Administration and Planning; Educational Technology; the Institute of Education and the Department of Physical and Health Education. Faculty of Pharmacy embraces studies in Pharmaceutics, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Pharmacology and Pharmacognosy. Faculty of Technology comprises the Departments of Agricultural Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Food Science and Technology and Materials Science Engineering, Electronic & Electrical Engineering, Computer Science & Engineering.

College of Health Sciences consists of the Department of Medicine, Department of Chemical Pathology, Hematology and Immunology, Restorative Dentistry, Morbid Anatomy, Radiology. Physiological, Sciences, Dermatology and Venerology, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Preventive and Community Dentistry, and Child Health. Oral and Maxillo Facial Surgery, Oral Pathology, Anesthesia, Nursing, Mental Health, Microbiology and Parasitology, Community Health and Nutrition, Surgery Environmental Health and Epidemiology, Anatomy and Cell Biology, Medical Rehabilitation, and Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology. The College aims at training a team of graduates, medical and para-meedidal personnel to work in both rural and urban areas.

Faculty of Environmental Design and Management comprises the Department of Architecture, Building Technology, Estate Management, Quantity Surveying, Urban and Regional Planning and Fine Arts. Faculty of Administration comprises the Department of Public Administration, Local Government Studies, International Relations and Management and Accounting.

Faculty of Arts includes the Departments of African Languages and Literatures, Dramatic Arts, English, History, Foreign Languages, Music,Philosophy and Religious Studies. Faculty of Law consists of the Departments of Business Law, International Law, Jurisprudence and Private Law and Public Law. Faculty of Science comprises the Departments of Biochemistry, Botany, Chemistry, Geology, Mathematics, Microbiology, Physics and Zoology. Faculty of Social Sciences includes the Departments of Demography and Social Statistics, Economics, Geography Political Science, Psychology, Sociology and Anthropology.

In addition there are the following institutes and Research Units in the University ;Institute of Agricultural Research and Training, the Centre for Industrial Research and Development, the Technology, Planning and Development unit, Drug Research and Production unit, the Institute of Ecology and Environmental Studies, Institute of Cultural Studies and Centre for Gender Studies.

1.3 STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEM

What really instigated the research was due to poor performance of students on writing as a result of the effect of social media writing. A revolution in the use of computer applications in general emerged during the last decade.Nigerian students are now addicted to the use of mobile phones, laptop for taking lectures; the effect of this addiction is seen on the academic achievement through writing. Most students get to forget the normal spellings of most words because of short hands and writing styles of social media.

1.4 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF STUDY

The main aim of the research is to examine the effect of social media writing on the formal English writing of Obafemi Awolowo students. Other specific objectives of study include:

  1. To examine the relationship between social media writing and the formal English writing
  2. To examine the effect of the use of social media on the academic achievement of students
  3. To investigate on other factors affect the efficiency of formal English writing of students in Obafemi Awolowo university
  4. To examine the effect of the availability of internet on the use of social media
  5. To proffer solution to the above stated problems

1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The study came up with research question in order to ascertain the above stated objectives. The specific research questions for the research work are stated below as follows:

  1. Is there any relationship between social media writing and the formal English writing?
  2. What is the effect of the use of social media on the academic achievement of students?
  3. What are the factors affect the efficiency of formal English writing of students in Obafemi Awolowo University?
  4. What is the effect of the availability of internet on the use of social media?

1.6 STATEMENT OF RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

H0: there is no significant relationship between social media writing and the formal English writing in Obafemi Awolowo University

H1:there is significant relationship between social media writing and the formal English writing in Obafemi Awolowo University

1.7 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

The study will be of immense benefit to Obafemi Awolowo University, the students and other researchers that wishes to carry out similar research on social media writing and its effect on the formal writing of University students; as it will reveal the effect of social media on the academic achievement of students. The study will also discuss other effect of social media on formal writing of students

1.8 SCOPE OF STUDY

The study on the effect of social media writing on the formal English writing is limited to Obafemi Awolowo University; the study will cover the types of social media and their effect on syudents academic performance.

1.9 LIMITATIONS OF STUDY

Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work

1.10 DEFINITION OF TERMS

FORMAL ENGLISH WRITING:Is used in for example, books, official documents, news reports, business letters or official speeches


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Paper Information

Format:ms word
Chapter:1-5
Pages:90
Attribute:Questionnaire, Data Analysis,abstract, table of content, references
Price:₦3,000
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