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Project Topic:

EFFECTS OF THE SOCIAL MEDIA ON STUDENTS LEARNING OF CRS IN NIGERIA

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 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 65 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis ::   2,668 people found this useful

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CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1   INTRODUCTION

The emergence of social media changes the way students communicate, interact, and develop academic skills. Facebook, Twitter, YouTube have become an important part of students’ life of entertainment, socialization, and classroom activities. As a result of this development, studies on social media among the students in higher institutions is gathering momentum and receiving attention from scholars and classroom teachers alike. In the beginning of social media popularity, scholars wrote about their negative impact and for that many school authorities banned their usage in their schools as they are seen as elements of distraction. However, recent studies (Choi and Kang, 2014; Hodgson and Wong, 2011; Ma and Yuen, 2008) revealed their positive impact. That is why institutions such as Havard and Oxford introduced courses on social media.

Some researchers (Yunus, Salehi, and Chenzi, 2012) lamented that the frequent use of “teacher-centred pedagogy” prevents students from interacting among themselves and their educators. This method affects the students’ learning performance and confidence. However, integrating social media in the students’ learning process gives them an opportunity to take control of their learning activities and this boost their confidence. This student-centred learning approach is what is changing the culture of many of today’s learning classrooms. An ongoing debate divides that social media platforms support students’ learning performance and also affect their academic skills as they waste too much time on them (Kirschner and Karpinski, 2010, Yoo and Kim, 2013). For this reason, it is worth to investigate the usage of social media among students of mass communication as Balaban-Sali (2012) supported that they (students of communication) supposed to know the existence of social media and know how to use them better than students from other disciplines. In addition to this, although, studies on students’ use of social media are establishing ground, Bosch (2009) complained that most of these studies are based in Europe and the US. This shows that, there are limited studies on them in Africa. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to contribute to the dearth of literature on social media in Africa by investigating the social networks the students use and why. The study also intends to inquire about the educational stance of social media among them.

Christian Religious Studies is one of the core subjects in the junior secondary and as well as an elective in the senior secondary schools In South East Geo-political Zone of Nigeria. The subject gains its root into Nigeria education system through the European Missionaries who introduced the subject as a means of converting Nigerians into white man religion (Christianity). Shortly after Nigeria independence, management of schools shifted from the hands of the missionaries to the Nigerian government. The shift affected the study of CRS such that the name was changed from Bible knowledge to Christian Religious knowledge and later CRS, in the same way series of changes occurred in its contents. With government takeover of schools, there was a call for review of Nigeria education curriculum in 1983, and the curriculum of study was expanded to include Arts, sciences and technological subjects. In the review, many subjects were introduced, and the teaching of CRS was upheld among others. The Federal Ministry of Education (FME) reviewed CRS curriculum with major focus on building human values, moral and attitudes.

2.2   THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

The theory that guides the discussion of this study is Uses and Gratifications Theory (U&G) of Katz et al. 1974. The theory provides a systematic explanation of why people use mass media and what benefits they derive after. The main argument of U&G theory is that people select, prefer, and use a particular medium of communication at the expense of many at his disposal with the hope of satisfying his ultimate needs which in turn lead to some gratifications. However, the emergence of social media transforms media users from passive into active ‘prosumers’ (Anaeto, Onabajo and Osifeso, 2008; Asemah, 2011) and thus open a new wave of investigation Stafford et al. (as cited in Anaeto et al. 2008). This study focuses on students’ use of social media and Whiting and Williams (2013) believed that U&G theory is relevant to social media as it helps to explain its uses. Furthermore, Gallion (n.d) supported that employing U&G in today’s social media study is imperative for mass media researchers because it unravels a new ground in comparison to traditional media such as radio, television, and film


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Paper Information

Format:ms word
Chapter:1-5
Pages:65
Attribute:Questionnaire, Data Analysis
Price:₦3,000
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