Our Archives

Call 08068929770 or 08122972656 for any enquiries.

Project Topic:

BIOLOGICAL WASTE WATER TREATEMENT IN NIGERIA

Project Information:

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 56 ::   Attributes: EXPERIMENT AND DATA ANALYSIS ::   1,877 people found this useful

Project Body:

CHAPTER ONE

 

1.0                                         INTRODUCTION

 

          Water is a universal liquid that sustains being and all other lives. In fact that body is known to contain a lot of water and covers about 60% of the total land surface. The first form of life was believed to have started from water millions of year ago and up till now no living things can exist without it. Water is one of the most common solvents and exists in gaseous, liquid and solid state (Ababio 1990).

 

          Hence, there are so many ways in which water is useful to human being. It can be used for drinking purpose, which is the most important use of water, it may be used for domestic purpose such as bathing, washing, cleaning etc. in manufacturing industries and in Agriculture etc.

 

          Therefore, the important of water cannot be overemphasized in the community (Encyclopedia Britain 1970).

 

          Different type of natural water exist on earth’s surface which include; rain water, spring water, river, lake water and sea water etc. rain water is considered as the purest from all natural water because it is formal as a result of the condensation of water vapour in the atmosphere.

 

          Spring water on the other hand emerges at the base of sloppy ground where the surface elevation is below the water table, in an aquifer from where the water can escape (Fawole 1980).

 

          However, water that contains few microbes may be considered good as longs as pathogen and inquiries chemicals are absent. Nevertheless the quality of water is determined by the types and quality of microbes present in it. Some natural water could contain some microbes and still be good for use. Generally contaminants that can be found in water include, microorganisms such as bacterial, algae, protozoams, fungi, etc.

 

          Some water are used in household, factories etc which are considered as waste water. Biologically these waste water can be treated and be used again. Biological waste water treatment is the common method used to treat water before it is discharge to the communities.

 

          Biological waste water treatment system consist of series of reaction vessels which are designed with the optimum mixing energy, retention time, and nutrient addition to provide an optimum environment for biological avidity resulting in removal of nitrates heavy metals, ammonia, and biochemically oxidizable organic mixture as the biochemical oxygen demand (BOD).

 

          More so, Thomas E, Schultz (us filter) explain that the use of bacteria and other microorganism to remove contaminants by assimilating them has long been a mainstay of waste in the chemical process industries (CPI) because they are effective and widely used. When considering biological waste water treatment for a particular application. Thomas says, it is important to understand the source of the waste water generated, typical waste water composition discharge requirement events and practices withing a facility that can affect the quality and quantity of the waste water and pretreatment ramification consideration of these factor will allow you to maximize the benefit of your plant gains from effective biological treatment.

 

 

 

1.1     AIM

 

          This main aim if this study it to carry out research on how biological waste water will be treated in order to meet standard for reused by final consumer and with a view of acquiring and developing better understand of biological waste water treatment.

 

 

 

 

 

1.1.1 OBJECTIVES

 

This study embark on the following:

 

1.       How biological waste water can be treated for reused.

 

2.       To determined the appropriate practical and method that can be used in treatment of biological waste water

 

3.       To save large amount of water

 

4.       To enumerate different methods that are appropriate in treating of water.

 

5.       To use appropriate equipment to get clean water for consumers.

 

 

 

1.2     PURPOSE OF STUDY.

 

          Generally, this study aims at all waste water found in Nigeria and prefering remedies by which it can be treated biologically. Actually this will deliver home what is really meant by waste water treatment.

 

          The study is also embark water that contains a few microbes which may be injurious chemicals are absent. It also expanciate how waste water is being generated i.e water from household, factories e t c which are considered as waste water and proffering a method in which can be treated. The aim of these study is to treat waste water which is biological waste water treatment

 

 

 

1.3     SCOPE OF STUDY

 

          With full details gotten from various test, it shows that water is needed to be treated before used and these treatment is traceable to be combination of factors which are: fund, self interest, seasons, conditions etc

 

          Thus, this study covers a precise story of improving the rate at which water is treated to full cleanness before usage.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.4     SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY

 

          These type of study is significantly important because this serve main method to analysis biological waste water treatment or important of biological waste treatment.

 

 

 

1.5     PLAN OF STUDY

 

          This study comprises of five chapters chapter one shows the general background to the study and full introduction while chapter two deals with literature review, chapter there contain research methodology which is use to present and analyse the method and equipment that are used for the practical, chapter four shows the details of the practical of the result gotten from the practical done in chapter three and the final chapter (five) consist of the summary, conclusion, recommendation and references of the study.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Get The Complete Project »

Project Department:

MORE HYDROGEOLOGY FREE UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS

Instantly Share this Project On Social Media:

CLOSELY RELATED HYDROGEOLOGY FREE UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS

EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTS OF ANTHROPOENIC ACTIVITIES AND DOMESTIC WASTE ON SURFACE WATER QUALITY (A CASE STUDY OF EKULU RIVER, ENUGU)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 80 ::   Attributes: EXPERIMENT AND DATA ANALYSIS  ::   2046 engagements

Abstract The microbiological and organic pollutants characteristics of umuosoko stream in ikwuano local government area, Enugu state, Nigeria were carried out. Twenty water samples were collected fr...Continue reading »

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF LEACHATE POLLUTION OF GROUND WATER SUPPLIES

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 50 ::   Attributes: experiment, abstract, references  ::   2076 engagements

CHAPTER ONE 1.1 GENERAL BACKGROUND Groundwater pollution is mainly due to the process of industrialization and urbanization that has progressively developed over time without any regard for enviro...Continue reading »

What are you looking for today?

TESTIMONIALS:

  • 1. Grace Madu from IMT enugu said "Thank you so much; i will tell my friends about you guys!!! Please give them a good job just like mine!!! God bless you!!!".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 2. Favour Adeoti from Unimaid said "For the good deeds and help to students like me, may God almighty continue to bless u and empower you to do more. Thank u very much...".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 3. Saddiq Abubakar Shuaibu from ESAE BENIN UNIVERSITY said "I check your site because I want you to help do this project thank you".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 4. Temitope Olumide from UAM makurdi said "I can not believe i could trust online platforms but you prove to me that there are still some good people out there. Thank you Mr Donald".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 5. Topeola Atinuke from the bells said "hmmmm, not sure yet about all dis comment still working on dem yet....tank u".
    Rating: Average
  • 6. Michael G. from FUTO said "Good job boys!!! Great content. You guys just saved me. God bless u...".
    Rating: Very Good

Paper Information

Format:ms word
Chapter:1-5
Pages:56
Attribute:EXPERIMENT AND DATA ANALYSIS
Price:₦3,000
Get The Complete Project »

Best Selling Projects

Our Archives