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Project Topic:

THE EFFECT OF ECO SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT ON LAND USE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

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 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 67 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis ::   2,178 people found this useful

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CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.0 INTRODUCTION

In this chapter relevant literature are reviewed. Author’s definitions on eco system development, land use development are also stated. The effect of eco system on land use development authors and expects opinion about eco system and method, their suggestion on how to minimize or eradicate this problem are also mentioned.

2.1 CONCEPTUAL FRAME WORK

2.1.1 CONCEPT OF ECO TOURISM

Ecotourism is a relatively new concept, and it is still often misunderstood or misused. Some people have abused the term to attract conservation conscious travelers to what, in reality, are simply nature tourism programs which may cause negative environmental and social impacts. While the term was first heard in the 1980s, the first broadly accepted definition, and one which continues to be a valid “nutshell” definition was established by The (International) Ecotourism Society in 1990Responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people. As awareness and experience of the activity has grown, so has our need for a more comprehensive and detailed definition. Most recently (1999), Martha Honey has proposed an excellent, more detailed version: Ecotourism is travel to fragile, pristine and usually protected areas that strives to be low impact and (usually) small scale. It helps educate the traveler; provides funds for conservation; directly benefits the economic development and political empowerment of local communities; and fosters respect for different cultures and for human rights. However, consensus exists among organizations involved with ecotourism (including The Nature Conservancy) around the definition adopted in 1996 by the World Conservation Union (IUCN) which describes ecotourism as: Environmentally responsible travel and visitation to natural areas, in order to enjoy and appreciate nature (and any accompanying cultural features, both past and present) that promote conservation, have a low visitor impact and provide for beneficially active socio-economic involvement of local peoples.

The Nature Conservancy has adopted the concept of ecotourism as the type of tourism that it recommends its partners use in most protected area management, especially for national parks and other areas with fairly strict conservation objectives. For The Nature Conservancy, ecotourism represents an excellent means for benefiting both local people and the protected area in question. It is an ideal component of a sustainable development strategy where natural resources can be utilized as tourism attractions without causing harm to the natural area. An important tool for protected area management and development, ecotourism must be implemented in a flexible manner. However, the following elements are crucial to the ultimate success of an ecotourism initiative. Ecotourism must:

❖ have a low impact upon a protected area’s natural resources;

❖ involve stakeholders (individuals, communities, ecotourists, tour operators and government institutions) in the planning, development, implementation and monitoring phases;

❖ respect local cultures and traditions;

❖ generate sustainable and equitable income for local communities and for as many other stakeholders as possible, including private tour operators;

❖ generate income for protected area conservation; and

❖ educate all stakeholders about their role in conservation.

2.1.2 EVOLUTION OF ECO TOURISM

Ecotourism is a concept that evolved over the last 20 years as the conservation community, people living in and around protected areas, and the travel industry witnessed a boom in nature tourism and realized their mutual interests in directing its growth. Ecotourism has brought the promise of achieving conservation goals, improving the well-being of local communities and generating new business promising a rare winwin-win situation.Relations among conservationists, communities and tourism practitioners have not always been smooth and collaborative. However, the concept and practice of ecotourism brings these different actors together. Ecotourism has emerged as a platform to establish partnerships and to jointly guide the path of tourists seeking to experience and learn about natural areas and diverse cultures


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Paper Information

Format:ms word
Chapter:1-5
Pages:67
Attribute:Questionnaire, Data Analysis
Price:₦3,000
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