Our Archives

Call 08068929770 or 08122972656 for any enquiries.

Project Topic:

THE EFFECTS OF OIL SPILLAGE IN THE NIGER DELTA A CASE STUDY OF UGHELLI SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

Project Information:

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 43 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis ::   606 people found this useful

Project Body:

TABLE OF CONTENT

Chapter one       

Introduction

1.1            Background of the study

1.2            Statement of the problem

1.3            Research questions

1.4            Aims/Objective of the study

1.5            Significance of the study

1.6            Scope of the study

1.7            Limitation of the study

Chapter two       

2.0            Literature review   

2.1                                    Effect of Oil Spillage on farming

2.2                                    Effect of Oil Spillage on Fishing

2.3                                    Effect of oil spillage on Coastal Activities 

2.4                                    Environmental Remediation measures.

Chapter three     

Methodology

3.0            Population of the study

3.1                                    Sample/sampling techniques

3.2                                    Research instruments

3.3                                    Method of data collection

Chapter four

Presentation and analysis of data

4.0            Analysis of data and discussion of results

Chapter five

Summary, conclusion and recommendation 

5.1            Summary of findings

5.2            Conclusion

5.3            Recommendations

References 

Questionnaire     

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

 

1.1     BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

          Oil spillage is the release of petroleum substance or product into the streams, lakes, rivers, beaches, seas, oceans and land, which becomes poisonous and thus make the water and land fouled and threatened the rich coastal habitat.

          Oil spillage is an environmental problem in Nigeria. It is common in oil producing areas. During a spill, oil floats on land and water surface and forms an oil slick that is about 0.1mm thick continuing to spread, the stick becomes 0.01mm thick.

          Oil is a very complex mixture of predominantly hydrocarbons the light {less dense} portions of oil are more toxic but also more likely to evaporate. Evaporation can reduce the volume of crude oil slick. Heavier oil can wash to the shore causing serious short-term harm to shellfish and plants life. oil spillage on soil makes it unsatisfactory for the plant growth. This is due to insufficient aeration of the soil because of air from the spaces between the soil particles by oil spillage.

          Tarry lumps, float, sink or cover habitats of shallow water organisation. They may also foul beaches. Weather is a key factor for oil spills; wind can cause an emulsion, which can least for weeks and be difficult to pump.

          During the early stages, coming in contact with the soil, may kill seabirds and mammals, because of the toxic chemicals. Oil on feathers hinders water repellency and poisons the birds from the oral consumption of the toxic materials fur bearing animals, seabirds and seals lose their buoyancy and insulation when oil fouls their fur they either drown or suffer hypothermial and die the effects on fish are unclean. Fish may simply swim away but floating eggs can be destroyed.

          In areas where wildlife is very healthy or full recovery has been seen within two or four years but if the spill occurred during migration or breeding season, it could be devastating and prompt action is crucial.

          The communities have remained grossly socio economically under developed and pauperized amidst the immense oil wealth owing to systematic disequilibrium the production. Exchange relationship between the state, the transnational companies and the people. Enormous money had been derived from oil export but the area has been subjected to severe land degradation, socio-economic disorganization, increasing poverty, misery militancy occupation, and bloody violence.

          Oil extraction has impacted most disastrously on the socio-physical environmental of the Niger Delta region. Oil bearing communities massively threatening the fragile subsistent peasant economy and biodiversity and hence their entire social livelihood and very survival. The socio and environmental costs of oil production have been extensive. They include destruction of wildlife and biodiversity, loss of fertile soil, pollution of air and drinking water, degradation of farmland and damage to aquatic ecosystem, all of which include caused serious health problems for the inhabitants of areas surrounding oil production the occurrence of oil spillage in Nigeria is frequent in February 2001, another soil spillage was reported in Ughilli which led to pollution of the water, there by making it not navigable for fishes and carrying out economic activities and the killing of fishes in the river. 

          Most of the people who lived in the area depended upon fishing for their livelihood. The oil spillage changed their lifestyle and they lost their jobs in the local government.

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS

          There are a lot of environmental problems in Nigeria such as desert encroachment, wide life depleion, pollution, flooding, land and water and air pollution among others. The exploitation of oil in the Niger Delta region has brought to bear oil spillage and its numerous effects. Hence, this study tries to find out the causes and effects of oil spillages and environmental remediation measures of the oil companies in the area.

1.3            RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The research questions for this study include the following;

1.                 What are the causes of oil spillage in the area?

2.                 What are the effects of oil spillage on the farming in the area?

3.                 What is the effect of oil spillage on fishing festival?

4.                 Is fishing affected by oil spillage in the area?

5.                 Are the environmental remediation measures the oil companies adequate?

1.4            OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

1.                 To examine the causes of oil spillage in the area.

2.                 To find out the effects of oil spillage in the area.

3.                 To know the extent to which the oil spillage affect the farmland in the area.

4.                 To examine the effects of oil spillage on fishing in the area.

5.                 To see if the environmental remediation measures by the oil companies are adequate.

1.5     SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

          It will help to create public awareness and understanding of oil spills problems and appreciation of their responsibilities to the environment. Industrial wastes from the oil industries could be used to address the impact of infrastructural deficiency in the local communities, for example the disposal of gas from flaring could constitute the basis for generating power for urban and rural electrification. Other industrial waste such as plastics synthetic fibers, detergent and solvent could form the yield stock for petrol chemical industry. However, the wealth derived from oil sources exploit this oil producing areas socio culturally, socio-economically and psychologically.

          It will also highlight the extent of the effect of oil spillage on the public and point relevant oil spillage issues deserving the attention of public enlightenment; that is enlightenment campaign through print media, radio and television if the government can implement laws, policies and enforcement measures within the existing production regions.

1.6     SCOPE OF THE STUDY

          The subject matter of the study is oil spillage it determines the causes and effects of oil spillage and environmental remediation measures that has been put in place by the oil companies


Get The Complete Project »

Project Department:

MORE EDUCATION FREE UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS

Instantly Share this Project On Social Media:

CLOSELY RELATED EDUCATION FREE UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS

THE IMPACT OF CLASSROOM PRACTICES ON SECODARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN OYO STATE

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 65 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, abstract  ::   2533 engagements

ABSTRACT This study investigated the classroom climate practices in public and private secondary schools in Ibadan West Local Government Area of Oyo State. There are 17 public secondary secondary ...Continue reading »

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN FOOD AND NUTRITION IN WAEC & NECO EXAMINATIONS FROM 2006-2011

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 68 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, abstract  ::   1996 engagements

ABSTRACT This paper compares and examines the performance of secondary school students who were candidates in food and nutrition examinations of both the West African Examination Council (WAEC) and Na...Continue reading »

AN INVESTIGATIVE STUDY ON THE ATTITUDE OF SCHOOL ADOLESCENT STUDENTS TOWARDS GENITAL MUTILATION (A CASE STUDY OF EKET LGA AKW IBOM STATE)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 65 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   1687 engagements

ABSTRACT The main focus of this study was to find out the attitude of in-school adolescents in Eket Local Government Area, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria towards female genital mutilation. In order to achi...Continue reading »

A CRITICAL ANAYSIS OF THE CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF MASS FAILURE IN MATHEMATICS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS (A CASE STUDY OF UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 70 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   2491 engagements

1.0 INTRODUCTION In recent years, student academic achievement in senior secondary school certificate examination mathematics. The word “Mathematics” is a Greek word, meaning things that ...Continue reading »

THE IMPACT OF LEGISLATION AND IMPLEMETATION OF EDUCATIONAL POLICIES ON TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS ( A CASE STUDY OF LAGOS STATE)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 65 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   1358 engagements

ABSTRACT The study examined legislation and implementation of educational policies in Lagos State tertiary institutions. Descriptive research design was used. A questionnaire titled ‘Legislatio...Continue reading »

THE IMPACT OF E- LEARNING ON THE ACADEMIC PERFROMANCE OF UNDERGRADUATES (A CASE STUDY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF JOS)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 70 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis  ::   1935 engagements

ABSTRACT This study was designed to examine the impact of e-learning on academic performance In University of Jos. To seek their opinion on the students’ perception of e-learning and academic p...Continue reading »

What are you looking for today?

TESTIMONIALS:

  • 1. Favour from Ui said "I must say a job well done...Thanx so much for being honest..I will surely introduce your platform to my friends...".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 2. Anderson from ABU said "thank you so much for great delivery. God will continue to bless you business. your website will always gain favour and growth from God...thank you".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 3. Adegboyega from ridwan said ""i like the confidence you guys installed in me. i never knew there are still some good people in Nigeria; my job was delivered on time as promised ".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 4. Oreokuwa Seun from KSU said "thank you for delivering as promised. though there was a one day delay but I got my work and it has great quality. Thank you Mr Donald. Thank you miss love. God bless you".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 5. Danladi Isa from ABU said "thank you uniprojectmaterials.com, all I can say is thank you for being reliable. I appreciate.".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 6. Mohammad I. Musa from UNIMAID said "Thank you guys for your honesty, i will introduce my friends to uniprojectmaterials.com, May God bless your team....".
    Rating: Good

Paper Information

Format:ms word
Chapter:1-5
Pages:43
Attribute:Questionnaire, Data Analysis
Price:₦3,000
Get The Complete Project »

Best Selling Projects

Our Archives