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ERROR ANALYSIS OF TENSES COMPOSITION WRITING IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN MIKANG LOCAL GOVERNMENT PLATEAU STATE

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 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 56 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis ::   1,234 people found this useful

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CHAPTER ONE

1.0   INTRODUCTION:

1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

        The development of students’ writing in second or foreign language has always occupied the attention of many second language teachers. The reason is that such students always make errors. The occurrence of errors in the writing of L2 students is painful and frustrating to both L2 teachers and students (Reid, 2015; Maniam, 2010).

Efforts are put in by teachers to help their students overcome the errors but it is not a simple task which comes readily to many second language teachers even the experienced ones. Though correcting students’ writing errors has been the preoccupation of many L2 teachers, the situation has not improved as expected.

Language is an interesting phenomenon that has been bestowed on man (Ojetunde, 2013:252). It is a means by which man expresses his ideas and gives meaning to his existence. Babatunde (2011:1) explicates that language is the expression of culture, the depository of culture and crucial mode of culture transmission. In a similar development (Osisanwo, 2012:5) describes language as an instrument of communication among human beings.

In any human society, language performs transactional, interactional and educational functions. Over the years after independence in Nigeria, the English language functions in various societal situations: it functions as language of official communication, language of official business, mass communication, a medium of transmitting knowledge in the field of technology, medicine, law and other professions. It is essentially the language of education and instruction in Nigeria.

These functions are aptly corroborated by Adeyanju (2011) who states that the English language in Nigeria has, for long championed the course of human cooperation by performing effectively all the above mentioned roles.

This study aims at examining English as a Second Language (ESL) learners‟ communicative competence in English at the senior secondary school level. However, the primary objective of conducting this research is to explore the common errors senior Secondary School Two (JSS2) students make in their written essays.

In this study, Error Analysis is used as the analysis framework because it can be used to analyze any type of error students make in their writing irrespective of their source. According to Corder (2011), EA is reserved for the study of erroneous utterances produced by learners of a language. Keshavars (2014) suggested that there are two branches of error analysis: theoretical and applied.

According to Keshavars, theoretical error analysis is concerned with process and strategies of second language learning and the similarities with first language acquisition.

Applied error analysis, on the other hand, deals with organizing remedial courses and devising appropriate materials and teaching strategies based on the findings of theoretical error analysis. Though Error Analysis has some limitations (Dulay, Burt, & Krashen, 2011; James, 2015; Schachter & Celce-Murcia, 2014), it has added a layer to the analysis and classification of L2 learners errors

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS

Students face difficulties in the writing component compared to reading, speaking and listening. This is an issue as writing component requires students’ ability and competency in writing in English which will be able to express themselves effectively. So, students from vernacular schools face the problems of mastering their mother tongue and neglecting the acquiring of English language. This could be as a result of incompetency on the part of teachers. It could also be that teachers no longer avail themselves for further training on the changes in the language since English language tends to be dynamic. Finally, several research has been carried out on the error analysis of the written English essays of junior secondary school two students in Owerri North but not even a single research has been carried out on the error analysis of tenses composition writing in senior secondary school in Mikang local government Plateau state.

1.3   AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

        The main aim of the study is to determine the errors analysis of tenses composition writing. Other specific objectives of the study include;

  1. to determine the effect of error analysis on tense composition writing in senior secondary school in Mikang local government Plateau state.
  2. to determine the extent to which error analysis affects tenses composition writing in senior secondary school in Mikang local government Plateau state.
  3. to determine the factors that constitute to error analysis in tenses composition writing in senior secondary school in Mikang local government Plateau state.
  4. to proffer possible solutions to the problems.
    1. RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1      What is the effect of error analysis on tense composition writing in senior secondary school in Mikang local government Plateau state?

2      What is the extent to which error analysis affects tenses composition writing in senior secondary school in Mikang local government Plateau state?

3      What are the factors that constitute to error analysis in tenses composition writing in senior secondary school in Mikang local government Plateau state?

4      What are the possible solutions to the problems?

1.5   STATEMENT OF RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

H0: The social background of the students does not have effect on their tense composition error among senior secondary school students in Mikang L.G.A

H1: The social background of the students has effect on their tense composition error among senior secondary school students in Mikang L.G.A

1.6   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

        The study on error analysis of tenses composition writing in senior secondary school will be of immense benefit to the entire Mikang local government of Plateau state in the sense that it will enable the government to make compulsory that English language be taught by specialists in English who are capable of doing the job effectively.

Apart from having a minimum of Bachelor’s degree in English or in a related discipline, it will also enable the assistance of the government, to organise seminars or conferences on the teaching of English Language. Maybe these that they might help improve in their teaching.

More so, it will assist the teachers to be equipped with discovering of new ways of creative teaching and designing interesting grammar games to make students familiar with the rules subconsciously in the primary stage of second language learning. Finally, the study will contribute to the body of existing literature and knowledge to this field of study and basis for further research.

1.7   SCOPE OF THE STUDY

        The study on error analysis of tenses composition writing in senior secondary school is limited to Mikang local government Plateau state.

1.8   LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

1.9   DEFINITION OF TERMS

Error       An error is an action which is inaccurate or incorrect. In some usages, an error is synonymous with a mistake.

Analysis          Detailed examination of the elements or structure of something.

Tenses     Tenses play a crucial role in the English language. It denotes the time an action takes place, whether some time in the past, in the present or will take some time 

Composition   A creative work, especially a poem or piece of music.

Writing    Writing is a medium of human communication that represents language with signs and symbols.

 

 

 

 

 


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Paper Information

Format:ms word
Chapter:1-5
Pages:56
Attribute:Questionnaire, Data Analysis
Price:₦3,000
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