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THE 3RS OF MANAGING SOLID WASTE: REDUCE, REUSE AND RECYCLE. A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN COCA-COLA BOTTLING COMPANY IN MAIDUGURI METROPOLITAN COUNCIL

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 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 75 ::   Attributes: Data Analysis
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ABSTRACT

The study on 3RS of managing solid waste: reduce, reuse and recycle in Maiduguri metropolitan council came up with aim to examine the effect of 3RS method on effective disposition of waste in Maiduguri metropolitan council, to determine the relationship between waste management and environmental pollution and to investigate on the problems associated with waste management in Nigeria. The study discussed other related research on 3RS of managing solid waste: reduce, reuse and recycle. The study adopted the method of survey (primary data) to seek responses from the respondents of a population of about 100 with a sample size of 40. The study used the Pearson correlation method to validate the hypothesis. Proper recommendations were made to improve on the management of solid waste.

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

There have been a significant improvement in the management of waste; especially the solid waste in Nigeria with improved level of technology in the management of solid waste.

According to (Gilpin, 1976) stated that solid waste are materials of solid or semi solid character that the possessor no longer considers of sufficient value to retain. In the same vein the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (2007) also defined solid wastes in simple words as any discarded (abandoned or considered waste-like) materials. Waste are of different types; there are municipal waste (including household and commercial waste), industrial waste (including manufacturing), hazardous waste, construction and demolition waste, mining waste, waste from electrical and electronic equipments, biodegradable municipal waste, packaging waste, and agricultural waste. Solid wastes can be solid, liquid, and semi-solid or containerized gaseous material. Also, there are various sources of waste: residential, industrial, commercial, institutional, construction and demolition waste; municipal services manufacturing process, agriculture. Municipal solid waste (MSW) is defined to include refuse from households, nonhazardous solid waste from industrial, commercial and institutional establishments (including hospitals), market waste, yard waste, and street sweepings.

According to Cointreau (1982) stated that MSW can be defined as non-air and sewage emissions created within and disposed of by a municipality, including household garbage, commercial refuse, construction and demolition debris, dead animals, and abandoned vehicles.

The solid waste management problem in Nigerian cities is becoming more alarming. It is evident that the volume and range of solid wastes generated daily in Nigeria has been increasing within the last few years.

This is mainly due to the high population growth, urbanization, industrialization and general economic growth (Ogwueleka, 2004). Cities are regarded as the most efficient agents of production (Hardoy, Mitlin and Satherthwaite, 2001).

This population increase compounds the problems of solid waste management. Worse still, government agencies responsible for managing solid wastes, especially in urban areas are either nonexistent or ineffective. The study wishes to examine the 3RS of managing solid waste: reduce, reuse and recycle using the Nigeria coca cola bottling company in Maiduguri metropolitan council as the case study.

1.2 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF NIGERIAN COCA-COLA BOTTLING COMPANY

Nigerian Bottling Company, the largest bottler of non beverage in Nigeria, has its operations dated November 1951 when it was incorporated as a subsidiary of A.G Leventis Group and given the franchise to bottle and sell Coca cola products in Nigeria. In 1972, it became a public company with its shares listed on the floor of the Exchange. off as a family business and has metamorphosised into a soft drinks Company. It is a subsidiary of the Coca Hellenic Bottling Company (CCHBC), the emerging company in the merger of Hellenic Bottling Company S.A and CC Beverage Company Plc in 2000. NBC is capitalized to the tune of N65.33bn with outstanding shares of N1.31bn and accounts for 8.72 percent of industry market capitalization. Analysis of shareholdings reveals that CCHBC has a controlling equity stake of 55.81 percent through Molino Soft Drinks S.A, Luxembourg and 10.62 percent through CCBC Services Limited, Ireland while the remaining holdings (33.57 percent) directors and other shareholders. From a single manually operated bottling facility with a production capacity of a few dozen cases per day within basement of Mainland hotel in Oyingbo, Lagos in 1953, NBC currently operates 13 bottling plants with over 80 distribution warehouses, 250,000 sales outlets and a staff strength of over 6,000 employees across the country. Inception has continued to soar above board and has remained the largest bottler in Nigeria and the second largest in the African continent commanding average a billion bottles up from 1.0 million cases in 1960.

1.3 STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEM

What really instigated the study on 3RS of managing solid waste: reduce, reuse and recycle was due to the high level of industrial waste in Maiduguri metropolitan council. Other problems in this area are seen in the area of dumping of refuse by the inhabitant of this area. On the other hand the government agencies responsible for the disposition of waste products are not effective in carrying out their duties as a result of these, most of the areas in Maiduguri metropolitan council is filled with refuse.

1.4 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF STUDY

The main aim of the research work is to examine the 3RS of managing solid waste: reduce, reuse and recycle in Maiduguri metropolitan council. Other specific objectives include:

  1. To examine the effect of 3RS method on effective disposition of waste in Maiduguri metropolitan council
  2. To determine the relationship between waste management and environmental pollution
  3. To investigate on the problems associated with waste management in Nigeria
  4. To examine the effect of waste management on the well being of the inhabitants of Maiduguri metropolitan council
  5. To proffer solution to the above stated problems

1.5 RESERARCH QUESTION

The study came up with research questions so as to ascertain the above stated objectives. The specific research questions for the study are stated below as follows:

  1. What is the effect of 3RS method on effective disposition of waste in Maiduguri metropolitan council?
  2. Is there any the relationship between waste management and environmental pollution?
  3. What are the problems associated with waste management in Nigeria?
  4. What is the effect of waste management on the well being of the inhabitants of Maiduguri metropolitan council?

1.6 STATEMENT OF RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

H0: the 3RS method of solid waste management has no significant effect on effective disposition of solid waste

H1: the 3RS method of solid waste management has significant effect on effective disposition of solid waste

1.7 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

The study will be of immense benefit to the entire Maiduguri metropolitan council as it will discuss the effect of 3RS method on effective disposition of waste in Maiduguri metropolitan council, the study also examine the relationship between waste management and environmental pollution

1.8 SCOPE OF STUDY

The study on the 3RS of managing solid waste: reduce, reuse and recycle is limited to Maiduguri metropolitan council; the study will cover all the areas of solid waste management and factors affecting the 3RS of managing solid waste.

1.9 LIMITATION OF STUDY

Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work

1.10 DEFINITION TERMS

SOLID WASTE: can be defined as garbage, refuse, sludge from a wastewater treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility and other discarded materials including solid, liquid, semi-solid, or contained gaseous material, resulting from industrial, commercial, mining and agricultural operations.

 

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Paper Information

Format:ms word
Chapter:1-5
Pages:75
Attribute:Data Analysis
Price:₦3,000
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