Our Archives

Call 08068929770 or 08122972656 for any enquiries.

Project Topic:

IMPACT OF SLUM ON VALUE OF RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF CROSS RIVER STATE

Project Information:

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 81 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract ::   737 people found this useful

Project Body:

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

        Slums are home to the poorest of urban populations in Africa. The houses inhabited by slum dwellers are mostly decrepit, overcrowded, in neighborhoods that are prone to flooding and beset with poor sanitation and shortage of potable water. Slums are easily formed in areas experiencing rapid urbanization without commensurate increase in the provision and maintenance of housing and infrastructure. Slums have been conceptualized as a group of buildings or an area characterized by overcrowding, deterioration, insanitary conditions, or absence of basic and essential facilities like potable water, drainage system, schools, health facilities, recreational grounds, post office, among others. Slums generate spontaneously and are in some cases, a direct result of the prevalence of poverty experienced by the inhabitants of cities (Olotuah, 2006). Slums, which are regarded as an element of urban decay, also result from congestion in overcrowded cities where poor immigrants seek to settle for just any available accommodation irrespective of quality. The overwhelming negatives notwithstanding, there are some positive aspects to slums. In recent years, some environmentalists and organizations such as the United Nations Population Fund suggested that despite the poor living conditions, slums are positive both environmentally and socially. Because slums are characterized by very high density of housing, its environmental impact is smaller than that of dispersed rural communities. Furthermore, the fertility rate of new slum dwellers is below the replacement rate; this mitigates dangers associated with overpopulation that results from manpower-intensive subsistence agriculture, and frees up arable land for the nature, or more efficient industrialized agriculture. Slum dwellers also appear to have vastly better opportunities for getting jobs, starting small businesses and climbing out of poverty than rural inhabitants (Akinyode, 1998). Nigeria is ranked as one of the countries with high slum prevalence. The proliferation of shanty dwellings, squatter settlements and slums in most of our cities in Nigeria including the cross rivers state which is the being focused on in this study. However, it has been asserted that the presence of slum increase the rate of crime in the area thereby affecting the value of the residential property (Omole, 2010). The prevalence of slum in Nigeria has significantly affected the value of residential properties in the affected areas. This value is determined by the prices of the residential property or by the value of rent per a period time that is collected on them. However, the researcher will find out the impact of slum on the value of residential property in Nigeria.

 

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

        The process of urbanization which means specific changes in the distribution and structure ofpopulation as well as in a size and character of a settlement, their network or system, has manysided relationship with slums formation. The rapid rate of urbanization witnessed in the last centuryhas produced more slums in the major cities of the world, particularly in developing countrieswhere thousands of rural people move into the major cities at large proportion. Presence have slum is believed to have been a major cause of organized crime in the society. The researcher will investigate the impact of slum on the value of residential properties in Nigeria.

 

1.3   OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The following are the objectives of this study:

  1. To examine the impact of slum on value of residential property in Cross Rivers State.
  2. To identify the causes of slum formation in cross rivers state.
  3. To examine the relationship between slum formation and value of residential properties

1.4   RESEARCH QUESTIONS

  1. What is the impact of slum on value of residential property in Cross Rivers State?
  2. What are the causes of slum formation in cross rivers state?
  3. What is the relationship between slum formation and value of residential properties?

1.5   HYPOTHESIS

HO: Formation of slum does not have impact of value of residential properties in Cross Rivers State.

HA: Formation of slum does have impact of value of residential properties in Cross Rivers State.

1.6   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The following are the significance of this study:

  1. This study will educate stakeholders in housing sector, urban and regional planning and estate management of the causes and characteristics of slum and its effect on the rent and price which are the determinant of the value of those residential properties.
  2. This research will also serve as a resource base to other scholars and researchers interested in carrying out further research in this field subsequently, if applied, it will go to an extent to provide new explanation to the topic.

1.7   SCOPE/LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

This study on the impact of slum on the value of residential properties in Nigeria will cover the formation of slum in cross rivers state and its effect on house rent, land rent, land purchase, security etc.

 

 

LIMITATION OF STUDY

Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

1.8   DEFINITION OF TERMS

Urbanization:  refers to specific changes in the structure and distribution of urban population as well as in size and character of a settlement

Slum: a squalid and overcrowded urban street or district inhabited by very poor people

REFERENCES

Akinyode, B. F. “An appraisal of community improvement programmes (CIP) in developing countries: A case study of World Bank Assisted Urban Renewal Project in Ibadan”, M. Sc. Thesis, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, 1998

Olotuah, A. O., Housing Quality in suburban areas: An empirical study of Oba-Ile, Nigeria, DimensiTeknikArsitektur, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 133 -137, 2006.

Omole, F. K., “An Assessment of Housing Condition and Socio-Economic Life Styles of Slum Dwellers in Akure, Nigeria”, Contemporary Management Research.Vol 6. No 4. Pp 273-290, 2010.

Project Department:

MORE URBAN & REGIONAL PLANNING FREE UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS


Get The Complete Project »

Instantly Share this Project On Social Media:

CLOSELY RELATED URBAN & REGIONAL PLANNING FREE UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS

ISSUES AND CHALLENGES IN THE EXECUTION OF PUBLIC SECTOR HOUSING PROJECTS IN NIGERIA

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 78 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Housing (Shelter) is unarguably one of the basic necessities of man. It used to be ranked second after food in the hierarchy of man’s nee...Continue reading »

THE EFFECT OF LAND USE ACT ON SUSTAINABLE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 65 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   620 engagements

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Land use regulations and controls are used to restrict the rights of private land holders in the use of land. The regulations are used to protec...Continue reading »

APPRAISAL OF MODERN STRATEGIES FOR HOUSING DELIVERY IN NIGERIA

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: N/A ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   589 engagements

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Housing shortage is one of the most serious developmental challenges presently confronting Nigeria. Stakeholders and industry operatives in bui...Continue reading »

INFRASTRUCTURE RENEWAL PROGRAMS: A REMEDY TO LAGOS MEGACITY CHALLENGES

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 57 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis  ::   432 engagements

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY The population of Lagos is at present in excess of 18 million. A megacity status is conferred by the United Nations on cities with a population...Continue reading »

ANALYSIS OF DRAINAGE SYSTEM IN MANDO OF IGABI IGA OF KADUNA STATE

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 77 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis  ::   446 engagements

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY The construction concepts for good drainage systems have increased overtime in most part of Africa. It is evident that there is high rate of floodin...Continue reading »

EFFECTS OF SOIL EROSION IN EMERGING URBAN CENTRE OF AFUZE

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 45 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis  ::   634 engagements

ABSTRACT Soil erosion is a menas that needs to be controlled in order to forestall its danger in any locality. It is the realization of this fact which made the residents of Afuze to attempt to cont...Continue reading »

What are you looking for today?

TESTIMONIALS:

  • 1. Rita Eze from abia state university said "thank you so much for your sincerity; i will tell my friends about you guys.".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 2. JULIET from UNIMAID said "I THANK YOU GUYS FOR BEING HONEST.....I WILL TELL MY FRIENDS ABOUT YOU GUYS. THANKX SO MUCH".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 3. Lilian Terdoo from BSU said "i have nothing to say but thanx for being honest. i appreciate u guys...".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 4. Demien Johnson from UNN said "Uniprojectmaterials is a blessing to researchers. my job was eased up by you guys. your jobs have good quality and was delivered on time to me. Thanks a million times".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 5. Patience from unilag said "i was having difficulties handling my dissertation of 12000 words. until i stumbled on uniprojectmaterials, my work was ready in three days with high quality write up and excellent data analysis, i will tell all my friends about u guys. Mr Donald is a very nice person, he should be in charge of the phone. he attended to me very well. God bless. ".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 6. James Ike from College of Education, Gindiri said "Great delivery. Una dey try wella!!!".
    Rating: Excellent

Paper Information

Format:MS word
Chapter:1-5
Pages:81
Attribute:Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract
Price:₦3,000
Get The Complete Project »

Best Selling Projects

Our Archives