Our Archives

Call 08068929770 or 08122972656 for any enquiries.

Project Topic:

Schools As Moderators Of Neighborhood Influences On Adolescent Academic Achievement And Risk Of Obesity: A Cross-classified Multilevel Investigation

Project Information:

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 230 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis ::   177 people found this useful

Project Body:

ABSTRACT

Grounded in Bronfenbrenner’s (1979) Ecological Systems Theory and through the application of cross-classified random effects models, the goal of this study was to examine simultaneously neighborhood and school influences on adolescent academic achievement and risk of obesity, as well as the moderating effects of schools on these outcomes. By examining concurrently neighborhood and school influences on achievement and risk of obesity, this study aimed to fill gaps in the social determinants literature. For example, it is unclear if where an adolescent lives or where she/he attends school has a stronger influence on academic achievement. We also do not know if schools can moderate neighborhood influences on adolescent achievement, nor do we know much about the relationships among schools, neighborhoods, and adolescent risk for obesity. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health and the Adolescent Health and Academic Achievement study, four research questions were investigated:

 

 

(1) To what extent are neighborhood influences on U.S. middle and high school students’ academic achievement moderated by school environments?

(2) What are the relative influences of neighborhood and school environments on U.S. middle and high school students’ academic achievement? 

(3) To what extent are neighborhood influences on U.S. middle and high school students’ risk of obesity moderated by school environments?

(4) What are the relative influences of neighborhood and school environments on U.S. middle and high school students’ risk of obesity?

Findings did not suggest a moderating relationship between neighborhood and school factors examined in this study. In terms of relative relationships with academic achievement, three neighborhood factors (affluence, racial composition, and urbanicity) and two school characteristics (student body racial composition and school socioeconomic status) appeared to have the strongest relationships with adolescent achievement after controlling for individual and other neighborhood and school characteristics. For adolescent risk of obesity, neighborhood affluence and racial composition had statistically significant unique associations, whereas no school factors evidenced statistically significantly relationships with risk of obesity after controlling for other factors. Results of the study were interpreted in terms of contributions to the social determinants literature, as well as recommendations for the improvement of future large-scale surveys.

 

 

Table of Contents

List of Tables ..  vi

List of Figures . viii

Abstract x

 

Chapter One: Introduction 1

Statement of the Problem 1

Rationale for the Study 3

Purpose of the Study 6

Research Questions 7

Overview of the Study Design 7

Data Sources 9

Significance of the Study 9

Delimitations 10

Limitations 11

Definition of Terms 15

Organization of Remaining Chapters 19

 

Chapter Two: Literature Review 20

Introduction 20

Theoretical Framework 22

Neighborhood Influences on Adolescent Academic Achievement 23

Neighborhood SES 24

Neighborhood male joblessness 27

Neighborhood social disorganization 27

Perceived neighborhood quality 28

Other neighborhood measures 29

Neighborhood Influences on Adolescent Risk of Obesity 30

Neighborhood SES 30

Built environment 31

Other neighborhood measures 32

School Influences on Adolescent Academic Achievement 34

School sociodemographic characteristics 35

School resources and sector 36

Teacher characteristics 38

Perceived social climate and school quality 39

Organizational climate 41

School Influences on Adolescent Risk of Obesity 42

Summary 47

 

Chapter Three: Method 50

Purpose of the Study 50

Research Questions 51

Study Design 51

Overview of the Add Health Study 52

Study design 52

In-School sampling frame 53

In-School Questionnaire 55

School Administrator Questionnaire 56

In-Home sampling 57

In-Home Interview 57

Parent Questionnaire 58

Contextual data 59

Sample weights 59

Overview of AHAA Study 60

Study Sample 62

Measures 62

Criterion variables 65

Predictor variables 68

Data Analysis 74

Data management 74

Univariate and bivariate analyses 79

Multivariate analyses 79

Model interpretation 99

 

Chapter Four: Results 104

Study Sample 104

Univariate Analyses 107

Bivariate Analyses 109

Multivariate Analyses 116

Research Question 1 119

Research Question 2 120

Research Question 3 125

Research Question 4 126

Summary of Findings 131

 

Chapter Five: Discussion 133

Summary of Findings 134

Neighborhoods, schools, and academic achievement 134

Neighborhoods, schools, and risk of obesity 136

Limitations of the Study 138

Implications for the Field 144

Directions for Future Research 145

Conclusions 147

References 149

Appendix A: Summary Tables of Previous Neighborhood and School Research 165

Appendix B: BMI Box-and-Whisker Plots 190

Appendix C: Analysis of Missing Data 193

Appendix D: Investigation of Model Assumptions 200

About the Author End Page

 

Project Department:

MORE EDUCATIONAL MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION FREE UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS


Get The Complete Project »

Instantly Share this Project On Social Media:

CLOSELY RELATED EDUCATIONAL MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION FREE UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS

Issues Of Examination Malpractice Among Secondary School Students In Ebonyi Local Government Area Of Ebonyi State

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 74 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis  ::   211 engagements

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Western education has become synonymous with modern civilization, enlightenment and socialization. This is because the more advanced nations of the...Continue reading »

Effects Of Peer-assessment On Students’ Academic Achievement In Computer Science In Secondary Schools In Ezza South Local Government Area Of Ebonyi State

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 86 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis  ::   198 engagements

The study investigated the effects of peer assessment on students’ academic achievement in junior secondary school computer science. The study employed quasi-experimental design. The study wa...Continue reading »

Problems Confronting Continuous Assessment Practices In Nigeria 

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 50 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis  ::   208 engagements

ABSTRACT Continuous assessment was introduced in schools following the adoption of 6- 3-3-4 system of education. The intention was to make assessment of the leaner more reliable, valid, objective ...Continue reading »

ASSESSMENT OF THE FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN PUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOLS

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 60 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis  ::   284 engagements

ABSTRACT This study was intended to assess the factors responsible for the poor academic performance in public primary schools. This study was guided by the following objectives; Ascertain environmen...Continue reading »

What are you looking for today?

TESTIMONIALS:

  • 1. Rita Eze from abia state university said "thank you so much for your sincerity; i will tell my friends about you guys.".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 2. JULIET from UNIMAID said "I THANK YOU GUYS FOR BEING HONEST.....I WILL TELL MY FRIENDS ABOUT YOU GUYS. THANKX SO MUCH".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 3. Lilian Terdoo from BSU said "i have nothing to say but thanx for being honest. i appreciate u guys...".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 4. Demien Johnson from UNN said "Uniprojectmaterials is a blessing to researchers. my job was eased up by you guys. your jobs have good quality and was delivered on time to me. Thanks a million times".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 5. Patience from unilag said "i was having difficulties handling my dissertation of 12000 words. until i stumbled on uniprojectmaterials, my work was ready in three days with high quality write up and excellent data analysis, i will tell all my friends about u guys. Mr Donald is a very nice person, he should be in charge of the phone. he attended to me very well. God bless. ".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 6. James Ike from College of Education, Gindiri said "Great delivery. Una dey try wella!!!".
    Rating: Excellent

Paper Information

Format:ms word
Chapter:1-5
Pages:230
Attribute:Questionnaire, Data Analysis
Price:₦3,000
Get The Complete Project »

Best Selling Projects

Our Archives