Call 08068929770 or 08122972656 for any enquiries.

Project Topic:

DETERMINATION OF ALPHA PARTICLE RANGE IN DIFFERENT NOBLE GASES USING SRIM SOFTWARE

Project Information:

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 60 ::   Attributes: EXPERIMENT
::   549 people found this useful

Project Body:

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY

Over the years there have been so many software used in the determination of alpha particle ranges in different noble gases. It is also evident that a heavy charged particle, such as an alpha particle, has a fairly definite range in a gas, liquid, or solid. The particle loses energy primarily by the excitation and ionization of atoms in its path.

In this laboratory, counter telescopes consisting of gas-filled proportional counters and surface-barrier silicon detectors are used to investigate (n, ⍺)-reactions1-3 the counter pulse heights are analyzed to identify alpha particles and to obtain their energies. For that purpose the ranges of alpha particles in the counting gas must be known rather well. Comprehensive tables of heavy-particle energy-loss data have been published by Barkas and Berger 4) and, more recently, by Northcliffe and Schillings). The tables of Barkas and Berger contain proton data only down to 1 MeV. From those alpha-particle ranges may be calculated down to 4 MeV. Stopping-power and range data down to alpha-particle energies as low as 50 keV have been presented by Northcliffe and Schilling. Their data, however, are not consistent with those of Barkas and Berger in the energy region between 4 and 15 MeV. Furthermore, when we tried to use the data of Northcliffe and Schilling for our alpha-particle identifying method6), we did not succeed. For these reasons we have measured energy losses of alpha particles in H2, He, CH 4 and CO2 in the energy region between 0.5 and 5.3 MeV.

1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

What really instigated the study was due to the difficulty encounter in the determination of alpha particle range in different noble gases using other software. There have been series of variation in the range of alpha particle in various gases (He, Ne, Ar, Og, Kr and Xe) and the inability of most software to detect the range of alpha particles is the major concern of the research work.

1.3 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF STUDY

The main aim of the research work is to evaluate the determination of alpha particle range in different noble gases using SRIM software. Other specific objectives of the study include:

  1. To determine the differences between interaction of heavy charged particles (such as alpha particles) with matter and interaction of electrons with matter
  2. To investigate on the factors affecting energy loss of alpha particle in different noble gases
  3. To determine the ionization and excitation energy of alpha particles in different noble gases
  4. To compare the efficiency of the SRIM software with other method of detection of alpha particle range in noble gases

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The study came up with research questions so as to ascertain the above stated objectives of study. The specific research questions are stated below as follows:

  1. What are the differences between interaction of heavy charged particles (such as alpha particles) with matter and interaction of electrons with matter?
  2. What are the factors affecting energy loss of alpha particle in different noble gases?
  3. What is the ionization and excitation energy of alpha particles in different noble gases?
  4. What is the difference in efficiency of the SRIM software with other method of detection of alpha particle range in noble gases

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

The study will be of immense benefit to the physics department and other researchers that wish to carry out similar research on the above topic as it will discuss in details the determination of alpha particle range in different noble gases using SRIM software.

1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study on determination of alpha particle range in different noble gases using SRIM software will be limited to the study of alpha particle range in the following noble gases He and Ne

1.7 ORGANISATION OF CHAPTERS

The chapter one of the research work will consist of the introduction and the background of the study; the chapter two of the research work will consist of the reviews on related literature, the chapter three of the research work will consist of materials and method used for the experiment, the chapter four of the research work will consist of experiment and analysis while the chapter five of the research work will consist of the summary, conclusion and recommendation.

1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS

ALPHA PARTICLE: a helium nucleus emitted by some radioactive substances, originally regarded as a ray

NOBLE GASES: any of the gaseous elements helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, and radon, occupying Group 0 (18) of the periodic table.

REFERENCES

M. Brendle, M. M6rike, G. Staudt and G. Steidle, Z. Naturforsch. 23a (1968) 1229. '~) M. Brendle, M. M6rike, G. Staudt and G. Steidle, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. 81 (1970) 141. 3) M. Brendle and G. Steidle, to be published. 4) W. H. Barkas and M. J. Berger, National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Publication 1133. 5) L. C. Northcliffe and R. F. Schilling, Nucl. Data Tables A7 (1970) 233. 6) M. Brendle, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. 128 (1975) 69. 7) E. Rotondi and K. W. Geiger, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. 40 (1966) 192. 8) W. Kunz and J. Schintlmeister, Tabellen der Atomkerne, vol. 2 (Akademie-Verlag, Berlin, 1959). 9) j. Mathews and R. L. Walker, Mathematical methods of physics (W. A. Benjamin, Inc., New York, 1965). 10) B. Ostle, Statistics in research (Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, 1963).

Project Department:

MORE PHYSICS FREE UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS


Get The Complete Project »

Instantly Share this Project On Social Media:

CLOSELY RELATED PHYSICS FREE UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS

ANALYSIS OF SCINTILLATOR CHARACTERISTICS FOR DETECTION OF ILLICIT RADIOACTIVE SOURCES

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 64 ::   Attributes: abstract, table of content, materials and method  ::   869 engagements

CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY Scintillation detectors have been in use since the beginning of this century for the detection of ionizing radiation. These detectors make use ...Continue reading »

ANALYSIS OF SCINTILLATOR CHARACTERISTICS FOR DETECTION OF ILLICIT RADIOACTIVE SOURCES

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 64 ::   Attributes: abstract, table of content, materials and method

CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY Scintillation detectors have been in use since the beginning of this century for the detection of ionizing radiation. These detectors make use ...Continue reading »

STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF SOLAR POWER

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 100 ::   Attributes: DOCUMENTATION  ::   1889 engagements

CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY The continuous growth of scarcity of energy (both mechanical and electrical energy in Nigeria has grown overtime); is one among the factors hamp...Continue reading »

The design, construction and test on a two station simple intercom system

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 150 ::   Attributes: EXPERIMENT  ::   388 engagements

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1.1 INTRODUCTION / BACKGROUND Human to human communication is an essential part of our every day activities. Advances in communication technology have enabled any-time-anyw...Continue reading »

PROCESS FLOW DESIGN OF THE THERMOCHEMICAL CONVERSION OF FOOD WASTE IN GASIFIER ASSEMBLY PLANT

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 78 ::   Attributes: EXPERIMENT  ::   420 engagements

CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY As development countinues to grow, every country try to look for the best way to dispose refuse, especially the food waste. There have being so ...Continue reading »

What are you looking for today?

WHAT OUR CUSTOMERS ARE SAYING:

  • 1. Rita Eze from abia state university said "thank you so much for your sincerity; i will tell my friends about you guys.".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 2. JULIET from UNIMAID said "I THANK YOU GUYS FOR BEING HONEST.....I WILL TELL MY FRIENDS ABOUT YOU GUYS. THANKX SO MUCH".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 3. Lilian Terdoo from BSU said "i have nothing to say but thanx for being honest. i appreciate u guys...".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 4. Demien Johnson from UNN said "Uniprojectmaterials is a blessing to researchers. my job was eased up by you guys. your jobs have good quality and was delivered on time to me. Thanks a million times".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 5. Patience from unilag said "i was having difficulties handling my dissertation of 12000 words. until i stumbled on uniprojectmaterials, my work was ready in three days with high quality write up and excellent data analysis, i will tell all my friends about u guys. Mr Donald is a very nice person, he should be in charge of the phone. he attended to me very well. God bless. ".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 6. James Ike from College of Education, Gindiri said "Great delivery. Una dey try wella!!!".
    Rating: Excellent

Paper Information

Format:MS WORD
Chapter:1-5
Pages:60
Attribute:EXPERIMENT
Price:₦3,000
Get The Complete Project »

Best Selling Projects